Making Schools “Safe” Means “Refashioning Values” in Massachusetts
[pdf-embedder url="https://cdn.archive.iftcc.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/03/IFTCC-Testimony-Opposing-California-AB-957-Name-and-Gender-Change-of-a-Minor-2023-3-14-final-.pdf" title="IFTCC Testimony Opposing California AB 957 Name and Gender Change of a Minor 2023-3-14...
This nonexperimental quantitative study of 70 participants explored how father involvement during their gay sons’ childhood and adolescence was impacted by their levels of father-role confidence (FRC) and past father involvement experiences (PFIE). As hypothesized, the results indicated that participants’ past involvement with their fathers, and reported levels of father-role confidence, predicted father-gay son involvement (FGSI). Participants in this study predominately exhibited indirect, non-nurturing, or low-engagement types of father involvement activities with their gay sons rather than direct, nurturing, or high-engagement activities. Implications from the results of this study may be used to inform existing therapeutic approaches for fathers of gay sons, increase father-gay son engagement, and promote relationship reconciliation efforts between adult gay men and their fathers.
Keywords: gay sons, father involvement, parents, sexual minority, homosexuality